One of the many medical and cosmetic related surgeries done by plastic surgeons in Miami is that of cleft lip reconstruction. Although this condition can be treated, it is important to seek help to prevent unforeseen complications.
What are Cleft Lip and Palate lip reconstruction?
Cleft lip and palate is a condition in which an opening in the upper lip occurs and that may extend into the nose. These disorders can cause feeding issues, hearing issues, speech difficulty as well as ear infections. A cleft lip can be treated by a surgeon doing lip reconstruction. Facial reconstruction for a cleft lip and palate can be done within the first few months of a baby being born. The goal is to have all surgeries completed by the child’s first birthday.
Should the cleft of the lip not extend or affect the palate structure of the mouth, it is referred to as a cleft lip. If the condition is of such a nature that only one side of the lip is affected, surgeons refer to it as a unilateral cleft lip. If the lip is affected on both sides, it is known as a bilateral cleft lip and palate. Surgery is required for both a unilateral and a bilateral cleft lip and palate.
Different stages of Cleft lip repair
Unilateral cleft lip and palate, as well as bilateral cleft lip nasal reconstruction, must be done in several stages throughout a child’s life to ensure optimum benefits.
- Stage 1 (1 week to 3 months)
Nasoalveolar molding is done by orthodontists using a device consisting of a palatal plate and nasal stent. This device is adjusted to effectively mold the palate.
Cleft lip repair is done by surgeons who work to repair the separation between the two spaces of the lip.
Cleft palate repair is done by surgeons and entail fixing the roof of the mouth so the child can talk and eat normally.
Palatal expansion is done to ensure enough space is created for bone to grow and teeth to fully form within the mouth.
It is within this age range that several additional treatment and repair strategies are used. Alveolar bone graft and fistula repairs are done to accommodate the teeth; tip rhinoplasty may be performed to improve nasal shape and airway passages and the first phase of orthodontics will take place to ensure the teeth are growing normally.
During this stage, phase two of the orthodontic process takes place where the teeth are leveled. Jaw surgery may also be required to ensure the upper jaw is situated in front of the lower jaw.
- Stage 7 (Adolescence or adulthood)
Should any touch-up surgeries be needed to ensure a perfect finish, it must be performed during this stage of a person’s life.